Clove stems are the stems of the clove bud flower. They possess the odor and taste of the cloves, but they are worth only about one-fifth the price of the cloves, as they are deficient in volatile oil. They are largely used as an adulterant in ground cloves, and are used in the manufacture of oil of cloves.
Uncaria Gambier Roxb. (Rubiaceae) is a perennially, woody climbing shrub, with more or less angular stem, somewhat thickened at the nodes and having opposite, entire oblong-ovate, petiolate and acuminate leaves. This plant is mostly found in tropical Southeast Asia, mainly in Indonesian Island of Sumatra.
Seeds of tropical asiatic palm tree bearing white flower and orange and red nuts. Betel Nut are chewed and harvested by millions of people from India, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Pakistan etc. Betel chewing is a part of many Asian and Pacific cultures and is often chewed at ceremonies and gatherings, and preparation techniques vary from region to region.
Gum Damar is obtained from the Dipterocarpaceae family of trees in India and East Asia, principally those of the genera Shorea, Balanocarpus, or Hopea. Most is produced by tapping trees, however some is collected in fossilized form from the ground. The gum varies in color from clear to pale yellow, while the fossilized form is grey-brown.